Factors Influencing Exchange Rates and How to Manage Them

Factors Influencing Exchange Rates and How to Manage Them

How many times have you gone to convert your Australian Dollars to U.S. dollars and had the exchange rate quoted be dramatically different from the day before? The reason behind this fluctuation could be due to any number of factors that impact the currency exchange rate in Melbourne and across other global markets.

 If you are interested in gaining a better understanding of the different factors that influence exchange rates and learning how to best manage them, then this guide on currency exchange in Melbourne is for you.

We will help walk you through the process step-by-step from beginning to end.

Economic Conditions

The exchange rate is impacted by several economic factors including trade, interest rates, inflation and GDP. Let’s understand these factors by example if a country is importing more than it exports then this will decrease its foreign currency reserves.

So, when you are travelling overseas it’s important to factor these economic conditions into your travel budget. You can do this by using a currency exchange converter online or you can buy US dollars in Melbourne before you depart for Australia.


Australia has a floating exchange rate which is impacted by inflation. A currency exchange converter can be used to see how much you would need at today’s prices. But it is worth noting that the value of your money will decline over time. Purchasing US dollars in Melbourne from a website like The Currency Converter can help manage this risk, as you can purchase them for a fixed price.

Central Bank Policies

The Central Bank’s policies are only one factor of many that impact a currency’s exchange rate. Other factors include interest rates, economic growth, inflation, unemployment rates and how much a country imports.

While these other factors may have an impact on the exchange rate, the Central Bank still has a large influence because it can change interest rates or buy up foreign currencies. These steps could be taken to manage this risk depending on your particular situation.

Ask your bank about its policies for buying foreign currencies. Use a currency converter before exchanging currency or for online purchases (e.g., Currency exchange in Melbourne).

Buy US dollars in Sydney or Melbourne before travelling abroad to save money from unfavourable exchange rates.

Investor Sentiment

Currency rates are impacted by a variety of factors, with investor sentiment being one of the most important. When investors feel confident about an economy, they are more likely to invest their money there, which increases demand for that currency.

Conversely, when they are feeling pessimistic or uncertain, they may sell off their investments because they believe that country’s currency is at risk of depreciating significantly in value.

Geopolitical Uncertainty

The exchange rate is an indicator of how one currency will be worth compared to another. It fluctuates depending on the economic realities of a country, which could include financial stability, political uncertainty, unemployment rates, inflation rates, and currency exchange converter.

For instance, if your home country has high unemployment rates or a weak economy then that can lead to currency depreciation which would result in an increased value for your currency when exchanged for other currencies also known as ‘speculative capital’.

Moreover, if the situation is occurring in Russia then you would need more Russian rubles than US dollars when converted because it is worth less against its counterpart.

Managing the Exchange Rate

Every day at The Currency Converter, we see clients trying to mitigate currency risk. A common question is whether you should buy US dollars in Sydney or other currency exchange in Melbourne, or if this is a bad idea. Trading currencies is not a bad idea. It has become so popular that there are even now numerous buy U.S. dollars stalls throughout the city centre of Sydney.

Traders manage their currency risk by hedging against movements that would result in their company’s loss of market share, profit or even insolvency due to exchange rate fluctuations.