One form of cancer that develops in the prostate is called prostate cancer. Men have a small gland called the prostate that resembles a walnut and secretes seminal fluid, which feeds and carries sperm.
One of the most prevalent malignancies is prostate cancer. Many prostate tumours are slow-growing and localised in the prostate gland, where they may not cause much harm. Despite the fact that some prostate tumours spread slowly and may not even need treatment, others are aggressive and can spread quickly.
Most cases of prostate cancer are discovered early thanks to screening. Most often, knowing the Síntomas del cáncer de próstata is very important.
Symptoms of more advanced prostate tumours might occasionally include:
* Problems urinating, a slow or weak urinary stream or the urge to urinate more often, especially at night
* Blood in the urine or semen
* Trouble getting an erection i.e, erectile dysfunction
* Cancer that has gone to the bones may cause pain in the hips, spine, ribs, or other regions.
* Due to the cancer pressing on the spinal cord, one may have weakness in the legs or feet or even lose control of their bladder or bowels.
* Trouble starting or stopping stream of urine
* A weak stream
* Leaking pee during laugh or cough
* Being unable to urinate when standing
* Pain or burning when pee
* Pain or burning when ejaculate
* Less fluid when ejaculate
* Blood in pee or semen
* Pressure or pain in rectum
* Pain or stiffness in lower back, hips, pelvis, or thighs
* New trouble getting an erection
Prostate cancer is unlikely to be the root of the majority of these issues. For instance, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a benign enlargement of the prostate, is a significantly more frequent reason of difficulty urinating.
However, if the patient has any of these signs, it’s crucial to let the doctor know so that the reason may be identified and, if necessary, addressed. To screen for prostate cancer, some men might require additional testing.
Symptoms and indicators that cancer has spread beyond the prostate gland include:
* Pain in the different areas like back, hips, thighs, shoulders
* Swelling or fluid build-up in the legs or feet
* Unexplained weight loss
* Change in bowel habits
Prostate cancer’s precise origin is uncertain.
Because prostate cells alter their DNA, doctors can spot the first signs of prostate cancer. A cell’s DNA has the instructions that tell it what to do. The modifications tell the cells to proliferate and develop more quickly than usual. The abnormal cells survive.
A tumour formed by the abnormal cells can grow and spread to invade nearby tissue. Some abnormal cells may split and “metastasize” over time and spread to other areas of the body.
The course of treatment will depend on the stage of the cancer as well as other elements including the Gleason score and PSA levels. Several treatment approaches may be appropriate regardless of the stage of cancer, it is also important to note.
Although prostate cancer is a prevalent condition, doctors can identify the majority of cases early and offer efficient therapy. Nearly 100% of men with localised or regional prostate cancer survive for 5 years, compared to 30% of men with distant prostate cancer.
Currently, 98% of people survive for five years overall. Regular screening is the greatest approach to find prostate cancer in its earliest stages. Depending on risk factors, screening may be best started around age 40. If you haven’t had a screening yet, talk to your doctor about your alternatives.