What is Urology

Urology is a medical and surgical specialty that includes the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of both the male and female urinary system and adrenal glands and male genitalia. The urinary tract plays an important role in filtering blood and storing and processing urine. The adrenal glands produce important hormones. A specialist in urology is called an urologist.

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Because the urinary system and adrenal glands are closely connected to the rest of the body, urologists must have specialized knowledge in internal medicine, pediatrics, and gynecology. The necessary surgical knowledge is why doctors undergo years of training to become urology specialists. After graduating from medical school, they must complete at least five years of professional training.

Difference between urology and nephrology

“These two specialties sound similar, but they are quite different and do not overlap much. “An urologist is a surgeon who treats the entire genitourinary system. Is a doctor who treats diseases of the kidneys?” Nephrology is a branch of internal medicine, just as uro-oncology is a branch of urology. A physician must be a board-certified physician before becoming a board-certified nephrologist. Nephrologists diagnose and treat conditions and problems associated with kidney disease, such as high blood pressure, fluid and electrolyte imbalance, and kidney failure. Nephrologists can also administer kidney dialysis treatments and help patients with kidney transplant-related problems.

Specialized training

An urologist is a medical doctor (MD) or an osteopathic (DO) doctor. Urology trainees are required to complete professional training in urology after completing medical studies. This residency is typically an additional five years of clinical training after medical school. You can spend your final year as a main resident. Some even do subspecialty training.  “Most urologists are general urologists who work in private offices and treat a variety of urological conditions.” You will receive additional training that specializes in your field.” To become a certified subspecialist, a physician must first be certified as a general urologist by the American Board of Urology. The American Board of Urology recognizes two recognized urological subspecialties.

Pediatric Urology:

Pediatric urologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of urogenital disorders in male and female children and adolescent boys.

Gynecology Urology:

Urology-gynecologists, after completing residency training in urology or gynecology, further specialize in women’s pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery. They care for women with pelvic floor disorders such as incontinence, prolapsed, dysuria, and overactive bladder.

Other urology focuses include:

  • Male Infertility: Diagnosis and treatment of male reproductive disorders
  • Urological Oncology: Diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer, kidney cancer, bladder cancer, testicular cancer, and penile cancer
  • Transplant Urology: Professional care for genitourinary problems after kidney transplant
  • Kidney stones (stones): Diagnosis and treatment of small mineral deposits that can occur in the kidneys (kidney stones, kidney stones), ureters, and bladder (bladder stones).
  • Neuron-Urology: Diagnosis and treatment of the nervous system 

About Other Important Points

Urology is known as a surgical specialty. Besides surgery, a urologist is a doctor with wisdom of internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology and other parts of health care. This is because a urologist encounters a wide range of clinical problems. The scope of urology is big and the American Urological Association has named seven subspecialty parts:

  • Pediatric Urology (children’s urology)
  • Urologic Oncology (urologic cancers)
  • Renal (kidney) Transplant
  • Male Infertility
  • Calculi (urinary tract stones)
  • Female Urology
  • Neurourology (nervous system control of genitourinary organs)

Urology is a part of health care that deals with diseases of the male and female urinary tract (kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra). The Aga Khan University Hospital offers comprehensive oncology and stone removal services that meet international standards. Urologists at the Department of Surgery specialize in the bladder, prostate, and male reproductive organs. The Bladder Service Line uses an evidence-based approach and state-of-the-art equipment to give accurate diagnoses and quality treatment. The Section of Urology provides treatment options for a wide range of medical issues, including but not limited to bladder issues, Pelvic Floor Dysfunction, Urinary Incontinence, Urinary Tract Infections (UTI), enlarged prostate, and male infertility. Under Office Urology, other diagnostic services include Uroflowmetry, Bladder scanning (Postvoid residual study), Lithotripsy, Urodynamics, and Diagnostic Flexible Cystoscopy.​​